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The Battle Of Pointe Du Hoc

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The Battle of Pointe du Hoc

Objective

Raise the hill, destroy the guns and secure the area

” The Battle of Pointe du Hoc” is the seventeenth level in Call of Duty 2, and the first American level of the game.

The player begins the invasion of Europe as Corporal Bill Taylor of the 2nd Ranger Battalion in an LCVP Higgins Boat. When the ramp drops, the Germans will open up with full on machine gun and rifle fire. Men are gunned down left and right, focus on getting to safety and get out of the LCVP and run forward. The player will then be knocked down by a grenade or mortar round hitting and killing most of the soldiers that are standing behind the player. This launches a cutscene of the first few seconds of the first wave assaulting the cliff side. When recovering and Sgt. Randall drags the player to safety, look forward and one will see a Springfield sniper rifle lying on the ground. Pick it up for extra ammo, then turn left and start looking for a rope to climb up. There is one near the end. Sgt. Randall will order the player to climb the rope and get topside.

Use caution while climbing up the rope, once atop the cliff, meet up with Sgt. Randall and Pvt. Braeburn for a situation report. Braeburn explains that the Germans have hidden the 155mm howitzers, and replaced them with telephone poles and hedgehogs to fool recon aircraft. The orders are to clear out the bunkers and trenches of German resistance, and set up field operations within the hour. Randall orders to keep moving with the rest of the battalion to the entrance of the small hamlet. Keep going forward until having reached the very end. At the end, there is a bunker with an MG42 on the right and another trench from across. Toss a smoke grenade at the MG42, then head to the other trench. There, the player will see troops in the trench, take out the Thompson and wipe out the ones that are closest. There’s usually a troop on the far-left side, grab the rifle and snipe them, once sniped, there will be other enemies to take over the MG42, smoke grenades are vital for higher difficulties.

If player has sniper rifle, it would be wise to snipe the flak gun crews to the right, making the crossing easier.

Most bunkers will have lots of enemies waiting to ambush the player, don’t be afraid to use grenades to take them out.

When the trench is cleared out, go to the right side of the trench and jump up. One can see three troops firing from a pit. Snipe them, then go forward until seeing an ally with a field radio. Sit near him until the explosions stop, then go forward.

Eventually, the player will see a gate to a village on the left with troops coming out of it. Let them get into their positions, then snipe them. When all of them are dead, go into the gate.

The player ends up in the village. Go forward into the first house and take out the troop in it. After that, turn left to a doorway towards some ruins with a troop hiding at the end of it. Eliminate this threat, then go through the ruins. Once there, look to the right to see a house nearby. Go into the house and take out the troop inside.

Inside the house, there is a table on the left and a staircase on the right. There’s a troop behind the table, so toss a grenade to flush him out. The player can go up the stairs to take out some troops, but there’s nothing important up there. Instead, when the enemy behind the table is dead, go straight to enter a dining room. There’s another troop behind the table on the left in this room, take him out. When he’s down, take a right then go outside.

The player will now be near a farm. Go left and go through the gate. This is a mini-maze made out of low stone barriers with a ton of troops on the other side and a half-track with a MG42 on the left side. Instead of navigating the maze and firing at the troops, go right then go down the hill until the troops hiding behind the barriers can be seen. Take out the gunner on the half-track first, then take out as many troops as possible. Once the area is secure, go to where they were coming from.

Go through the mini-maze, get near the farm and turn left. The player will see enemy troops coming in from the farm. One half will hide behind the farming equipment, while the other will hide behind the wall on the far right side of the farm. Take out the equipment troops with the rifle first, then toss a grenade and rush the wall troops. When they’re down, go back to the trench area before the village.

Once there, there will be troops running to a trench far away from the player. Ignore them and take a right until seeing the allies huddled near a closed gate. Get close to the gate and let one of them blow it up. When it’s open, go through it and look to the left. One should see troops hiding in a trench. Toss a grenade at them and finish off the survivors, then go into the trench. Follow it until reaching a circular concrete formation with a fake gun on it.

When reaching the concrete area, go into the left trench and follow it to the end, eliminating any enemies. At the end, turn left and look up. Here is the first bunker. Toss a grenade in it, then go inside and finish off anybody that’s left.

Now to the second bunker. Go back to the concrete area and look right. Here is the second bunker. Take out the troops near it, then enter from the right and finish off everybody that’s left.

To get to the left bunker, get inside and go through the opening at its front. There is a trench. Go into it and take a right to get to the bunker. There’s an MG42 on the side, toss a smoke grenade to distract him. Go straight to get into the bunker. There’s an MG42 at the front, but it takes the operator some time to get into position and fire, take him out before he’s done. Clean out the bunker and get out. When out, turn left and there will be an entrance to a small room with three troops. Toss a grenade in there to wipe out the troops.

Now the player has to take out the rest of the troops in the area. Just get out of the bunker, jump on top of the trench and scan the area for enemies. When the area is cleared out, go to the concrete area and find the allies huddled up. Get near them and exit the level.

Veteran of D-Day (60 ) – Complete “The Battle of Pointe du Hoc” on Veteran.

Most of the level is scripted “eye candy” and poses little threat to the player. For example, the Rangers climbing the ridge disappear once they hit the top and German troops are scripted to all die once the player passes certain points on the field. Also the player can stand on the shoreline, and unless in the line of sight of the few non-scripted attacking enemies, is virtually safe from any harm.

As soon as the player reaches the top of the cliff, all dead bodies and NPCs will disappear from the beach.

The player could kill McCloskey with an M1A1 Carbine with two shots on his legs and one on his head without a penalty.

When looking for a rope to climb, go to the last one on the right and head behind a rock. There, one will see Pvt. Barb. When looking at the last rope, one can see another Pvt. Barb by the cliff wall.

The LCAs used to land the US soldiers are operated by British sailors, hence the use of ‘Yank’ in the opening segment of the game.

If the player stays on the beach for some time, they may be able to hear some Rangers shouting “Rangers lead the way!”, a phrase created on Omaha beach at the same time as the level.

During the regrouping on the road after destroying the coastal guns, the player can see two Pvt. Braeburns.

One may notice Sgt. Randall is shot and killed in the landing craft before the player can exit it.

There is a reference to the movie Saving Private Ryan in this level. Once the player exits the landing craft, he/she is hit by an artillery shell, and lay dazed on the ground. One can see another landing craft get blown up with several burning men stumbling out of the blazing craft. Also, the player acts like Private Jackson from the movie, who actually used the Springfield.

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Pointe Du Hoc Ranger Monument

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SITE UPDATE:

The Pointe du Hoc Visitor Center and Bunker are closed to the public until further notice. The site is still accessible during the closure of the visitor center and bunker.

For questions, please contact our team at NormandyVisits@abmc.gov.

 

The World War II Pointe du Hoc Ranger Monument is located on a cliff eight miles west of Normandy American Cemetery, which overlooks Omaha Beach, France. It was erected by the French to honor elements of the American Second Ranger Battalion under the command of Lt. Col. James E. Rudder. During the American assault of Omaha and Utah beaches on June 6, 1944, these U.S. Army Rangers scaled the 100-foot cliffs and seized the German artillery pieces that could have fired on the American landing troops at Omaha and Utah beaches. At a high cost of life, they successfully defended against determined German counterattacks.

By mid-1944, German forces manned formidable defenses along the French coast. Of concern to the Allies were German 155mm artillery positions on Pointe du Hoc. They could wreak havoc on Utah and Omaha Beaches. Lt. Col. James E. Rudder, commanding the 2nd Ranger Battalion, received the mission to land at 6:30 a.m., scale the 100 foot cliffs, and disable the German positions. Lt. Col. Max F. Schneider’s 5th Ranger Battalion would follow and reinforce them.

June 6, 5:50 a.m.: Naval bombardment of Pointe du Hoc began, including guns of the battleship USS Texas. Three companies (70 men per) of Rudder’s 2nd Ranger Battalion were to land at Pointe du Hoc at 6:30 a.m., but were delayed. Per plan, Schneider’s command (plus three companies of the 2nd) joined the Omaha Beach assault.

June 6, 7:10 a.m.: Two landing craft were lost, but the Rangers debarked and started up the cliffs. They pssed upward, supported by the destroyer USS Satterlee. One of the Rangers’ DUKWs was disabled by enemy fire en route to Pointe du Hoc. The engine failed. Three Rangers were casualties, including one killed.

June 6, 7:40 a.m.: Most of the remaining Rangers reached the top.

June 6, 9:30 a.m.: The Germans had pviously moved the guns southward from their initial ppared positions. Despite fierce resistance, Rangers found and destroyed the guns pushing onward to cut the highway south of Pointe du Hoc.

June 6-8: After fighting two days, only about 90 Rangers stood when relieved by Schneider’s Rangers and the 29th Division from Omaha Beach.

The monument consists of a simple granite pylon positioned atop a German concrete bunker with tablets at its base inscribed in French and English. The monument was formally transferred to ABMC for perpetual care and maintenance on January 11, 1979. This battle-scarred area on the left flank of Omaha Beach remains much as the Rangers left it.

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In the days leading up to the invasion of Europe in June, 1944, a major worry of the Supme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force was the five giant 155MM coastal artillery guns believed to be stationed by the Germans at Pointe du Hoc in France. These “big guns†had a range of 10-12 miles that could be fired at the planned American landing points of Omaha and Utah beaches, as well as the thousands of ships of the invasion fleet anchored off the shores of Normandy on what would soon be known as D-Day. One of the most important objectives of the early hours of the invasion, believed General Dwight D. Eisenhower, was to make certain that these guns were made inoperable…

Located on the west flank of Omaha Beach, fortress Pointe du Hoc was believed to be one of the strongest forts in Hitler’s Atlantic wall, possessing incredible firepower. Located on cliffs 100 feet high, Pointe du Hoc held five large coastal artillery guns. These guns, along with the German Army pisions located nearby, were totally able to pvent the successful invasion of France if they were not put out of action quickly and early on June 6, 1944.

The risk of tremendous loss of life was immeasurable. In all the history of wars in the world to date, the invasion of France was by far the greatest military operation yet seen. The battle for Normandy would take two and a half months, longer than either Iraq war. On D-Day, thousands of military personnel and innocent civilians would die, homes and communities would be destroyed, and the invasion fleet would be severely damaged if the “guns of Pointe du Hoc†were not put out of action by American forces as early as possible before 6:30 AM, when the troops were scheduled to land.

The U.S. Army Air Corps, as it was then known, unopposed by German aircraft because of bad weather, flew 1,365 bombers, dropping 2,746 tons of bombs on or near the American landing areas of Omaha and Utah beaches before tens of thousands of Allied troops landed. The American Navy fired 21,600 rounds before the landing. Unfortunately, there was very little damage, if any, to the German targets, including the guns at Pointe du Hoc and the 30,000-plus German soldiers. According to historians, the targets were missed by up to three miles. The Allied landing was not going to be the ‘piece of cake’ some pdicted it would be. Due to bombing errors, there were no bomb craters on Omaha Beach that could be found or used for protection in the assault. Thousands of Americans would die on “Bloody Omaha Beach,†and many thousands more were wounded.

Fortunately, the most dangerous ground mission of D-Day was assigned early on to the Rangers with orders to “find the guns of Pointe du Hoc and render them inoperable as soon as possible,†in case the described mighty American firepower had not succeeded as expected, which it did not. The biggest surprise of all to the Rangers when they climbed the cliffs of Pointe du Hoc was that there were no big guns in the encasements, only long wooden shafts reminiscent of telephone poles. The United States Army and Army Air Corps intelligence units had unintentionally and unknowingly misguided the Rangers by use of their aerial photography and other misinformation. The French Underground Resistance Units informed the Rangers right after D-Day that the “big guns†were never installed at Pointe du Hoc. They claimed that the U.S. Army intelligence had been duly informed about this several times before D-Day. Nevertheless, the guns were in an undisclosed alternate position over a mile inland, still capable of killing tens of thousands of allied troops and innocent civilians. These Ranger volunteers strongly pursued and accomplished their mission by rendering the guns inoperable by 8:30 AM. It was the answer to the surviving Allied troops’ prayers. Now, let me tell you the rest of the story. I was there.

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La pointe du Hoc est une avancée rocheuse dans la Manche qui mesure jusqu’à 30 mètres de haut à son sommet. Située dans le Calvados, et plus précisément dans la commune de Cricqueville-en-Bessin, elle fut le théâtre d’une opération décisive du débarquement du 6 juin 1944. Si vous voulez visiter les plages du Débarquement, vous pourrez prévoir une halte au sommet des falaises de la Pointe du Hoc ! 

La France occupée par l’armée allemande

En 1944, la France est occupée par les Allemands depuis 4 ans en conséquence de l’armistice du 22 juin 1940. Elle s’effectua sur la zone nord de la France tandis que le Sud dépendait du gouvernement français, qui devint le régime de Vichy. L’occupation par l’armée allemande consistait principalement en l’utilisation des ressources du pays.

Cependant, une partie des Français ne souhaitaient pas perdre si tôt la guerre. Ils organisèrent une Résistance, qui avait pour objectif de contrer l’occupation : sabotage de l’administration, refus d’obtempérer, désobéissance civile, imprimeries clandestines, etc. Ces actions furent vivement encouragées par l’appel du 18 juin 1940 du Général de Gaulle. En exil à l’étranger, Charles de Gaulle devint le héros de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, bien qu’il fut écarté de l’organisation de l’opération Overlord. Ce terme est le nom de code de l’opération en Normandie organisée par les Alliés pour juin 1944. Les troupes étaient alors composées de multiples nationalités.

Théâtre du débarquement du 6 juin 1944

La pointe du Hoc a un intérêt stratégique majeur. L’avancée rocheuse est en effet un point d’observation idéal pour surveiller la Manche et son littoral. En outre, sa situation entre deux plages en faisait un mirador naturel, depuis lequel il était aisément possible de défendre les plages qu’on appelle aujourd’hui Omaha Beach et Utah Beach.

C’est la raison pour laquelle la pointe du Hoc a été bombardée à partir d’avril 1944, quelques mois avant le débarquement. Plusieurs attaques eurent lieu pour permettre aux rangers d’agir ensuite. Le jour du débarquement, 225 hommes du colonel Rudder débarquèrent à 6h30 pour escalader la pointe du Hoc et la maîtriser.

Une fois la pointe de Hoc prise, elle fut attaquée à plusieurs reprises par l’armée allemande. L’isolement des troupes en place impliqua une forte vulnérabilité. Des renforts n’arrivèrent que le 7 juin, ce qui n’empêchera pas le succès de la mission. Le village de Saint-Pierre-du-Mont à 4 km de la pointe du Hoc fut pris par les troupes américaines le 8 juin au matin.

La Pointe du Hoc, un lieu de commémoration

La pointe du Hoc est devenue un point de commémoration du sacrifice des troupes alliées. À la fin des années 70, la France légua une parcelle de la pointe du Hoc aux États-Unis qui y firent ériger un monument. Les 40ème et 50ème anniversaires du débarquement furent célébrés à cet endroit en présence des présidents américains Ronald Reagan puis Bill Clinton.

La pointe du Hoc est aujourd’hui un site en libre accès pour le public tous les jours de l’année. La pointe d’observation est quant à elle ouverte en journée. En visitant la pointe du Hoc, on peut découvrir les installations d’un poste de direction et les points de tir d’artillerie. un témoignage poignant sur l’histoire militaire des lieux et la bataille sanglante qui eut lieu ici.

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